Author Archives: joseossandon

How Did I Become a Historical Economic Sociologist? Viviana Zelizer in Conversation with José Ossandón

Hace unos años entrevisté a Viviana Zelizer en Chile (el video de la entrevista está disponible acá). La excelente revista Sociologica acaba de publicar una versión editada y traducida al inglés de esta conversación. Publicaron además una nota introductoria que se titula ‘Situating Zelizer: A Beginners’ Guide’.

Link a la entrevista: https://sociologica.unibo.it/article/view/10132

Link a la nota:https://sociologica.unibo.it/article/view/10131

6th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop_Call Extended

This is a gentle reminder of the invitation to submit to the 6th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop to be held at Grenoble, June 3-5 2020. The deadline to submit your abstract is getting close! Considering the very busy end-of-year period, we have extended the deadline for (extended) abstracts to Monday January 6th 2020. IMSW will celebrate its 10th anniversary at the workshop’s wine (and champagne !) reception on Wednesday 3. One more reason not to miss this event ! We are looking forward to your proposals!
Pascale Trompette, Philip Roscoe, Stefan Schwarzkopf and the organizing committee at Pacte/SciencePo Grenoble.

Full call here: https://estudiosdelaeconomia.com/2019/09/09/cfp_6th-interdisciplinary-market-studies-workshop/

La cultura política de la élite empresarial chilena

[Nelson Osorio envía esta nota contando de su tesis doctoral que defendió recientemente en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid]

La cultura política de la élite empresarial chilena. Un análisis comparado de los dirigentes gremiales de la Sociedad Nacional de Agricultura y la Sociedad de Fomento Fabril (2018–2019). Memoria para optar al grado de doctor. Departamente de Sociología, Universidad Complutense.

Resúmen

La investigación estudia la cultura política de los máximos dirigentes empresariales chilenos de dos organizaciones patronales del país: la Sociedad Nacional de Agricultura y la Sociedad de Fomento Fabril.

En un contexto de ausencia de estudios sobre la cultura política del gran empresariado en el país andino, este trabajo buscó conocer y analizar el tipo de socialización política que tuvieron los miembros de la élite empresarial, poniendo especial énfasis tanto en la transmisión de valores y afinidades políticas emanadas desde sus familias de origen, como en las vivencias personales y/o familiares que experimentaron los líderes gremiales durante sus “años impresionables”; ambos fenómenos coinciden con períodos álgidos de la historia chilena, como fueron los “tiempos de la polarización” (1960–1973), la “experiencia socialista” (1970–1973) y el régimen militar (1973-1990).

Para afrontar este objetivo, se hizo uso de distintas fuentes de información, siendo novedosa la realización de entrevistas. Esta técnica fue complementada con una estrategia mixta que incluyó un análisis histórico, que sirvió para contextualizar las afirmaciones de los entrevistados, además de un conjunto de datos estadísticos y encuestas de opinión que permitieron, con fines comparativos, dar cuenta del clima de opinión pública en Chile durante los períodos analizados.

Los hallazgos en torno a este objetivo dan cuenta de una socialización política singular y distinta del resto de los chilenos, sobre todo por la posición social “favorecida” que tuvieron desde la infancia los protagonistas de este estudio Continue reading

PhD in the sociology of organizations with a focus on digitalization in the public sector – CBS

PhD in the sociology of organizations with a focus on digitalization in the public sector

Copenhagen Business School, Department of Organization invites applications for a vacant PhD scholarship within the field of organization studies, with a particular focus on digitalization in the public sector. The scholarship is part of the collaborative research project “Valuing invisible work: Efficiency and digitalization projects in practice” funded by DFF. The project has a special focus on the relations between work practices and digital technologies in two specific public sector organizations, and the aim is to investigate and theorize the ‘invisible work’ involved in digitalization projects. We are particularly interested in candidates with a background in sociology, anthropology, sociology of science and technology (STS), or organization studies. The scholarship requires the conduct of empirical fieldwork in two Danish organizations, so the candidate must be able to understand and communicate in Danish/Scandinavian.

Department of Organization (IOA) pursues a problem-oriented, business in society approach to understanding and intervening in organizations and institutions. Our research is driven by an interest in organization as a practical, situated, contested and changing matter. Our approach is interdisciplinary and combines social-scientific traditions such as organization theory, sociology, science and technology studies, political economy, and social psychology in the analysis of organizing processes and their outcomes. Methodologically, we value qualitative research methods highly and often adopt case study, field work methodology or social network analysis.

The teaching responsibilities associated with the scholarship comprise undergraduate teaching and supervision in subjects such as organization theory, organizational analysis and qualitative methodology. Continue reading

Doctoral Fellowship at the Max Planck Sciences Po Paris

Doctoral Fellowship at the Max Planck Sciences Po Center on Coping with Instability in Market Societies in Paris. The deadline for applications is January 20, 2020.

The Max Planck Sciences Po Center on Coping with Instability in Market Societies (MaxPo) in Paris invites applications for a doctoral fellowship in sociology or political science at Sciences Po in Paris. We welcome original and independent proposals on topics situated in economic sociology, political economy, economic or political history. The applicant’s interests should fall within the scope of MaxPo’s research program and the project should lay out the fit.

The MaxPo PhD program runs in close collaboration with the doctoral program of the International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy (IMPRS-SPCE) in Cologne. Successful candidates will receive a three-year doctoral employment contract starting in September 2020. MaxPo doctoral fellows will have a fully equipped shared office and full access to the library and research facilities of Sciences Po. Additional funds may be available for fieldwork, research stays, and conference travel, subject to the budget and prior approval. The fellowship also includes a research stay at the MPIfG in Cologne. Continue reading

¡Abajo el Neoliberalismo! Pero ¿qué es el neoliberalismo?

[CIPER acaba de publicar un texto que escribí. Es sobre neoliberalismo, una de las palabras claves del conflicto actual en Chile. El punto de partida es que a pesar de que todo el mundo habla de neoliberalismo es muy difícil delimitar de que realmente hablamos cuando usamos este término. Obviamente esto es lo que pasa con todos los conceptos que usamos para discutir la vida en común. Sin perder esto de vista, lo que intenté hacer es ayudar un poco en la conversación, tratando de ordenar los usos del neoliberalismo en las ciencias sociales. La propuesta es que el neoliberalismo es un concepto que se usa para responder diferentes tipos de preguntas de distintitos tipos de ciencias sociales. Es un concepto que juega un rol diferente en economía política, en estudios de governmentality, estudios de las ciencias, sociología de la vida cotidiana, y estudios de acción colectiva. Como los lectores de EdlE se darán cuenta (si bien no hay citas, para evitar el academicismo en un artículo de diario), el texto usa muchas de las discusiones e investigaciones que se han ido presentando acá durante la última década. Si les parece útil, circule]

¡Abajo el Neoliberalismo! Pero ¿qué es el neoliberalismo?

El neoliberalismo está en el centro del movimiento social en Chile. Pero, ¿qué es? No es una pregunta fácil de responder. No hay una sola definición y el mismo término se usa para enfatizar cosas muy distintas. Algunos, incluso, han dicho que no deberíamos usar un concepto con definiciones tan diferentes. Pero, así pasa con casi todas las palabras que usamos para discutir nuestra vida en común. Capitalismo, democracia, modernidad, mercados, clases sociales, son todos conceptos que usamos de muchas formas y no por eso los dejamos de lado. Son términos que nos permiten pensar y dialogar sobre asuntos colectivos en discusiones donde muchas veces la definición de los términos es parte de la discusión.

El concepto de neoliberalismo nos permite pensar críticamente sobre lo que caracteriza el momento histórico que vivimos. Es importante, sin embargo, tener en cuenta que cuando describimos el presente como neoliberal podemos estar invocando diferentes tipos de énfasis y problemas.

En pos de ayudar un poco en la conversación, lo que sigue es un intento por organizar las formas en que hablamos de neoliberalismo. La propuesta es que (sin pretender exhaustividad, la discusión es tan grande que es inabarcable) en las ciencias sociales el término se usa como respuesta a cinco preguntas diferentes.

Uno, el neoliberalismo es una respuesta a la pregunta por el momento actual del capitalismo. Describe el tipo de capitalismo post-1973.

Dos, el neoliberalismo describe una forma específica de gobierno de los problemas sociales. Es un tipo de gobierno que usa al mercado como modelo.

Tres, se refiere a una red de producción de conocimiento. El neoliberalismo es la red que construye el ‘técnico’ de think tank,

Cuatro, describe una particular forma de vida cotidiana, la experiencia de lidiar con los roles que el neoliberalismo imaginó para nosotros.

Cinco, el neoliberalismo corresponde a un nuevo espacio de disputa de formas de acción colectiva.

En lo que sigue se desarrollan estos cinco puntos. [artículo completo en CIPER]

Camapaña biblioteca Francisca Keller

[Últimdías de campaña para recolectar apoyo para financiar la nueva biblioteca para el Programa de Antropologia Social, del Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Toda la información acá: https://benfeitoria.com/livrosvivosnomuseu]

Planting dreams: Harvesting books, knowledge, and diversity!  Let’s reopen the Francisca Keller Anthropology Library in the Botanical Garden together!

The fire at the National Museum destroyed the largest anthropology and human sciences bibliographical collection in South America. In addition to books, the fire destroyed a space of critical, plural and diverse intellectual coexistence: the Francisca Keller Library. Now, less than a year after the fire, we are ready to inaugurate a new library, the result of donations of thousands of books from Brazil and abroad. We have already received some 10,500 volumes and another 8,000 are on the way. We expect to reach the mark of 40 thousand books over the next three years.It’s time to put these books on the shelves and make them available to the public. Free books, to be consulted, borrowed and read. To get the books out of the boxes, to make them alive again, we need your financial support to reform the space in which the new library will be inaugurated.

With your support, it will be possible to plant the seeds of a new FKL, which will grow more ample, rich, inspiring, being integrated into the green landscape of the Botanical Garden at the Quinta da Boa Vista. This will be a library surrounded by nature, where seeds will sprout ideas, where people will germinate dialogues, where birds are heard, leaves breather, and books read and reviewed.  A cozy library, full of knowledge in a landscape composed of diverse beings. We invite you to participate in the collective financing campaign to rebuild the facilities and recover the collection of the Francisca Keller Library (FKL) of the Social Anthropology Program, the National Museum, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.

Research Scientist- Project MISFIRES & Market Innovation Dublin

[Aviso de Susi Geiger de posible interés]

Please allow me to share a job opportunity with you. We are currently recruiting a research scientist (2+ years of postdoctoral experience) for a three-year contract as part of my ERC project “MISFIRES & Market Innovation” at UCD Dublin. I would be extremely grateful if you could point this opportunity out to any postdocs or other colleagues who may be interested. Deadline for applications is Sept 20th. I will be at 4S next week if any of them would like to talk to me about this position. More information can be found here: https://misfires.ucd.ie/recruitment/

 

Cfp_6th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop

6th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop. Call for Papers. 3-5 June 2020 Grenoble. We invite contributors to submit an extended abstract of 2-3 pages (incl. references) before Friday December 20th, 2019. Proposals should indicate topic, theoretical positioning, methodology and outline findings, if appropriate. Proposals must be submitted online via the official conference website: https://imsw2020.sciencesconf.org. Keynote Speakers: Marieke de Goede & Brett Christophers.

‘Flowing Markets’

Since it was set up in 2010, the Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop has become one of the main meeting places for scholars from sociology, organization studies, marketing, political science, history and geography interested in social studies of markets.  The 2020 Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop will take place at Science Po Grenoble. “At the end of each street, a mountain…” Stendhal wrote of the capital of the French Alps, a city that seeks to add to its reputation as a major research and technology centre the noble aspiration of being the next “green capital” of Europe.

The Theme

For its 6th meeting, the IMSW sets out to explore markets through the prism of the circulation of goods, people and money. The inter-play between markets, capitalism and circulation was at the heart of the first political economy theories, whether classic (the free circulation promoted by A. Smith) or critical (Marx’s value-creation through the movement of money and merchandise). The ‘great history’ of our market societies has been described as the extension and unification of heterogeneous economic spaces, from local market place to global trade (Polanyi [1944]2001), while stressing the role of the emerging class of urban capitalist merchants in controlling foreign and long distant trade and taking advantage of the international division of labor (Braudel, [1979]1992).

By exploring the routes of circulation linked to market trade, the physical movement of goods and their representations (Caliskan, 2010), the materiality (or immateriality) of transactions in process (Callon, 2018), the spatiality and temporalities of trading spaces, the political distribution of capacities on the concentration and control of flows, etc., participants are invited to address some of the classic issues stemming from the social studies of markets – valuation, qualification, market boundaries – along with broader social and political concerns such as democracy, risk, inequalities.  Such ideas remind us of the rich monographs of historians (Chagny & al., 2015; Fontaine, 2008) and anthropologists – i.e. Tsing’s mushrooms (2015), Guyer’s African currency commodities (2004), Brooks’ second-hand clothes (2015) – which describe composite chains of exchange (market and non market) and unravel the complex mechanics of valuation across heterogeneous orders of value (Zelizer, 2011). These themes also recall the numerous STS works offering fruitful insight into the infrastructure of technological zones (Barry, 2001), the classification of goods (Beckert, Musselin, 2013), the fabric of commensurability (MacKenzie, 2009; Espeland, 2001), in relation to transactions spanning/bridging various locations, scales and institutional spaces. By tracing the geopolitics of international flows – of capital (Christophers, 2013) or energy resources, finance and arms export (Mitchell, 2011) – recent works take up the issue of political power and democracy in a globalized world.

The conveners particularly invite contributions dealing with any of the following themes: Continue reading

Defesa de doutorado Viviana Fernandes

Tesis-Viviane